Paulicianism is a 7th century Adoptionism and Gnosticism heresy that is still practiced in small sects today. Paulicianism was accused of being a Neo-Manichaean (Manichaeism) movement and is similar to Albigensism, Bogomilism, and Patarenism. The founder, a man renamed Silvanus, considered his work to be calling Christians ‘back’ to a pure Christianity, which was dualistic under his teaching. Little is known about their actual theology, other than it was dualistic and adoptionist. Their other known tenants are reminiscent of common Gnosticism teachings. They were anti-Marians (actually ‘opposing Mary’, as opposed to Antidicomarianism, which simply oppose her perpetual virginity) and rejected the Old Testament.
26 August, 2013
25 August, 2013
CatechismWhat is a catechism? A catechism is the Bible boiled down, like Cliff Notes. Luther's Small Catechism, the basis of our confirmation studies in the LCMS, consists of several parts:
- Six Chief Parts:
- 10 Commandments
- Apostles' Creed
- Lord's Prayer
- Confession and Absolution
- Lord's Supper
- Explanation (what is properly Luther's Small Catechism)
- Short explanation (added on later)
Law and Gospel
Word of Command
Word of Promise
God’s “Done” (it is finished)
Description of God’s Holiness and command to be holy like God
Declares “You are holy.” (by faith and not works)
Summarized in the 10 Commandments (Natural Law)
Summarized in the Creeds
Shows us our sin and the need for a Savior
Shows us our Savior
Can only condemn
There are 3 uses of the law:
- As a Curb
- As a Mirror
- As a Guide (or rule)
The necessary conclusion of the Law is: I need help. I need a Savior.
- Moral Law (Natural Law, the 10 Commandments)
- Civil Law (bound up to Israel, our civil law is now bound to secular governments)
- Ceremonial Law (fulfilled in Christ)
- Belongs only to the Old Testament
- Points us to Christ
- To now practice any ceremonial law is to deny the work, life, death, and resurrection of Christ: it denies Him as the fulfillment of the law and as Savior of the world
- Confession and Absolution
- Lord's Supper
- The Religion of Law (all religions except...)
- The Religion of Gospel (...Christianity)
It is very important for a proper distinction of Law and Gospel. "Glawspel" is nothing more than diluted law. We confess that, outside of the Lutheran church, the proper distinction between Law and Gospel does not exist.
There are two sources for knowledge about God:Natural and Revealed. Natural knowledge of God comes through Creation and the Conscience. Revealed knowledge of God comes through Scripture.
We learn from Nature that God is:
- Big (creation)
- Good (order)
- Mad (we are bad)
- God's name
- Triune nature
- It tells us we are guilty when we are not
- It tells us we are not guilty when we are
- It tells us we are condemned when we are saved
- Your conscience
- The Church
- Written by the prophets
- Written in Hebrew
- 39 books in 5 'sections':
- Torah (Books of Moses, 5 books)
- History (12 books)
- Wisdom (5 books)
- Major Prophets (4 books)
- Minor Prophets (13 books)
- The major theme running through the whole Old Testament is the promise of Jesus, the seed--every word, every person, every event is driving you towards Christ.
- Written by the Apostles
- Written in Greek
- 27 books in 5 'sections':
- Gospels (4 books)
- Each book follows the same basic pattern with two major sections in each: the birth and ministry of Jesus; and His death and resurrection
- Acts (history of the early Church, 1 book)
- Pauline Epistles (named for "to whom", 13 books)
- Catholic (universal) Epistles (named mostly for "by whom" because they were addressed to the whole church, 8 books)
- Prophesy (Revelations, 1 book)
- Three major authors in the New Testament:
- Luke: author of Luke and Acts
- Paul: oversaw the writing of the Gospel of Luke and book of Acts, authored the 13 Pauline Epistles
- Peter: oversaw the writing of the Gospel of Mark, authored 1 and 2 Peter
19 August, 2013
Anomœanism: Anomœanism (also known as Aëtianism, Anomeanism, Eunomianism, or Heterousianism) is a 4th century Arianism sect. It comes from a Greek word, literally meaning “not similar”. They purported that Jesus (the Son) was of a different nature and in no way like God (the Father). They rejected Arian’s later confession adopted to be readmitted into the church and clung to his original teachings. They went farther than semi-Arianism, who also denied the consubstantiality of Jesus, but believed that he was like the Father simultaneously.
12 August, 2013
Without giving the book away, here are the 7 "ism"s (with their description from the website above):
- Mysticism: Never follow a rule that follows your liver, your heart, your pancreas, or any other bodily organ that could conceivably have its mind changed by the shifting of the wind.
- Moralism: Never follow a rule that wasn't written in stone a very, very long time ago (doubly so if the grass is only greener on the other side because it's made of plastic).
- Rationalism: Never follow a rule just because it makes sense (especially if it promises to work because it makes sense [and especially, especially if it either contains the words "spirit-led" or can be entirely explained by a petri dish full of midi-chlorians]).
- Prosperity: Never follow a rule because it benefits you now (and if it mentions "abundance," run screaming from the room).
- Pragmatism: Never follow a rule that has to start over (again and again … and again …) again.
- Werechurch: Never follow a rule that doesn't like rules.
- "Seven Degrees of You": Never follow a rule in order to justify yourself. Seriously.
07 August, 2013
Besides which, Pr. Jonathan Fisk over at Worldview Everlasting does excellent Greek Tuesday videos almost every week (I would highly recommend starting with his recent video on the Lord's Prayer from Luke), and those are much better than anything I could come up with on my humble little blog--so go watch and enjoy!
However, I'd like to have a little more depth to this blog besides just Heresies (as much fun as those are), and occasional theological screeds.
Hump day is now "Church Council Wednesday", which I'll start in the next few weeks (depending on when I have time to queue up my first set of posts on the topic). I'm not going to go crazy in-depth because there are a plethora of sites that do so already--some of which I will link to in my posts--but I will give a basic overview of each council: reason(s) called, major players, controversies, related heresies, and results of the council.
I've done some research already into them, and have compiled the following color-coded list. The key below will show you which councils are recognized as ecumenical by which groups. If I've missed a council, or mislabeled one, please let me know.
- Council of Jerusalem (Apostolic Council) (50)
- First Council of Nicaea (325)
- First Council of Constantinople (381)
- Council of Ephesus (431)
- Second Council of Ephesus (449)
- Council of Chalcedon (451)
- Second Council of Constantinople (553)
- Third Council of Constantinople (680-681)
- Quinisext Council (Council in Trullo) (692)
- Council of Hieria (754)
- Lateran Council (769)
- Second Council of Nicaea (787)
- Fourth Council of Constantinople (869-870)
- Fifth Council of Constantinople (879–880)
- First Council of the Lateran (1123)
- Second Council of the Lateran (1139)
- Third Council of the Lateran (1179)
- Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215)
- First Council of Lyon (1245)
- Second Council of Lyon (1274)
- Council of Vienne (1311-1312)
- Council of Constantinople (1341–1351)
- Council of Pisa (1409)
- Fifth Council of Constance (1414-1418)
- Council of Siena (1423–1424)
- Council of Basel, Ferrara and Florence (1431-1445)
- Fifth Council of the Lateran (1512-1517)
- Council of Trent (1545-1563)
- First Synod of Jerusalem (1583)
- Second Synod of Jerusalem (1672)
- First Vatican Council (1870)
- Second Vatican Council (1962-1965)
I'm also planning on an "Early Church Father of the Month" series, beginning with a list by century of Early Church Fathers. There are a number of excellent resources online where you can read many of their works, particularly the more "obscure" Fathers (it's much harder to find their writings intact and/or in print), which I've started compiling as well. I am hopefully that I can get that series up and running this Fall.
Since Google Reader has gone away (I've done much grumbling over this), I've begun listing all the confessional Lutheran blogs I follow on the side. I haven't quite finished that list yet, but the majority is up there now.
Finally, a little project of mine (the genesis for all the content of this blog, in fact) will hopefully be getting more attention now that I'm sleeping most of the way through the night again. Stay tuned for more on that in the coming months.
05 August, 2013
Samosatenism: Samosatenism is a pre-Arianism heresy of the 2nd century. Paul of Samosata (for whom this heresy is named) was one of Arius’ teachers. This heresy proposes that Christ was the adopted Son of the Father, not His Son by nature (in the vein of moderate Adoptionism). Christ was taught to be neither perfect God nor perfect Man. Christ was believed to be a created being, not uncreated as the Father is, and therefore less than fully divine (and thus is an antitrinitarian heresy). This heresy was condemned in 325 at the Council of Nicaea along with Arianism.